Judging the Charter

The Charter in judicial practise with a special focus on the case of protection of refugees and asylum seekers

Article 11 - Freedom of Expression and Information


1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.
2. The freedom and pluralism of the media shall be respected.


Paragraph 1 of this Article corresponds to Article 11 of the ECHR. The meaning of the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article 12 is the same as that of the ECHR, but their scope is wider since they apply at all levels including European level. In accordance with Article 52(3) of the Charter, limitations on that right may not exceed those considered legitimate by virtue of Article 11(2) of the ECHR.


This right is also based on Article 11 of the Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers.


Paragraph 2 of this Article corresponds to Article 10(4) of the Treaty on European Union.